What Is a Vanity?

In today’s terms, a vanity (or sometimes a “vanity unit”) is a piece of bathroom furniture that most often combines a sink, countertop, and mirror. Vanities can certainly have more than just these features, and many modern vanities incorporate lights, architectural styling details, built-in shelves, and so on. In terms of design and functionality, vanities are an important element of your overall bathroom installation.

Vanities come in six basic types: pedestal, free-standing, floating, vessel, under-mounted sink and cabinet.


Requiring very little space, a pedestal sink is the simplest type with no countertop or space for storage. It’s just a sink and basin. But it can fit into any style of home and is easy to install.


Much like pedestal style, a free-standing vanity also has a minimal profile but is available in a square or rectangular shape that can support two sinks. Great for a master bath.


A wall-mounted vanity, also called floating, is directly mounted (securely) on your bathroom wall. Gives your bathroom an open, contemporary look with floor space underneath. If you don’t need much storage space, you can simply add a countertop.


This style sits above your counter with a bowl that arises from the sink area and has its own separate tap. A vessel sink can be quite elaborate with intricate patterns and designs and made of metal or porcelain.

Under-Mounted Sink

An under-mounted sink has a built-in basin mounted below the countertop of your vanity. This style has a sleek, smooth appearance but has limited space underneath the sink and is a bit more difficult to install.


A vanity cabinet is designed much like your kitchen cabinets with pull-out drawers that can be custom outfitted for your storage needs. Available in many door and hardware styles. Not a distinct type but if you have a tiny bathroom, you may opt for a corner vanity to take advantage of the limited space. Once you choose the type and size of your vanity, you’ll want to select its material and shape, style of doors (unless it’s a pedestal) and the right countertop.

Looking for a bathroom vanities store online? Click here to explore Modern Bathroom's selection of vanities in various colors, sizes, styles and more.

The variety of our bathroom vanity collections means there is something for everyone here.


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